Natural Attractions and Traditional ValuesAway from big city life and beach culture, there is a different side to the Philippines. In landscapes unchanged for generations, traditional ways of life are honored by indigenous peoples. Rural villages provide a glimpse of simpler agrarian times, while coastal villages present cultural melting pots that reflect the influences of both East and West. Customs dating from the days of Imperial China mix with values and traditions instilled during Spanish colonial times. Tying it all together is the warmth of a people who value family and friends, welcome visitors with open enthusiasm, and celebrate the small details of everyday life.
- Best for: Solos, couples and budget to luxury
- Best season to visit: Year round, with coolest and driest temperatures from Dec through June
- Weather: The Philippines is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw, the hot dry season or summer from Mar - May; tag-ulan, the rainy season from June - Nov; and tag-lamig, the cool, dry season from Dec - Feb
Cultural Activities in the Philippines Overview
Each island in the Philippines offers unique cultural variations. Highland interiors are home to indigenous peoples that retain their unique ethnic traditions and languages, while coastal areas blend old ways with new trends.
Cultural Activities in the Philippines Tips
When visiting Lamanoc Island time your visit for low tide to experience the full beauty of this dazzling white sand of the Kawasihan sandbar. Opt for a dusk cruise on the Loboc River to witness the amazing sight of millions of fireflies lighting trees along the bank. Sign up for the guided tour to Can-Umantad waterfalls and you will receive the bonus of a traditional lunch at a local village, complete with regional delicacies.
Best Places for Cultural Activities in the Philippines
The Cadapdapan Rice Terraces showcase traditional methods of agricultural terra-forming. The Malatapay Market is a thriving center of regional trade in artisanal goods. Exotic tropical fruits such as durian, rambutan, lanzones and mangosteen can be sampled in the mountain town of Valencia. On the shores of Candijay, innovative fish and seaweed farms provide sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives for local villagers. At Lamanoc Island, a bamboo walkway leads through a mangrove forest to mysterious sacred caves.
What to Pack for Cultural Activities in the Philippines
Bring a day pack with a few extra items of clothing, because you'll want to be ready for anything from swims in cool spring pools and coastal sandbars to scrambles through haunted caves, and rides or walks on hillside trails. Sports clothes will do for outdoor activities, but you might want a nicer shirt and maybe some long pants for hosted lunches, dinners and cultural performances.
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Passport and/or Visa Requirements
Entry Requirements: All U.S. citizens are required to have a valid passport. Your passport must contain at least one blank page for entry stamp and proof of onward or return airline ticket may be required. Visas upon arrival are issued for 30 days for tourist stays.
Exit Requirements: All persons leaving the Philippines pay a Government Departure Tax of approximately USD $17.
There are no required vaccines for entry into the Philippines, although you should always check with your doctor and the Centers for Disease Control on recommended vaccinations for travel at cdc.gov.
Culture and Customs
The Philippines are a blend of East and West. Centuries of Spanish and US influences mix with Asian cultural traditions and cuisines. Sophisticated urban centers such as Manila contrast with village life in small fishing communities and mountain settlements. Music is a common love that unites Philippine people of all ethnicities and cultural backgrounds, whether the performance takes the form of a spirited karaoke rendition of a pop favorite or a traditional rondalla. It is a culture where people are quick to sing, laugh easily, and place high values on family, friendships and hospitality. Clear waters and spectacular beaches attract vacationers to coastal resorts, while adventure-minded travelers have a wide range of activities to choose from. Nature lovers can trek, bike or bird in one of the world's most diverse biospheres, home to nearly 80 percent of the world’s plant and animal species. Though better known for its beaches, the Philippines is also a land of towering mountains, with peaks rising to heights of more than 9,000 feet. In addition to trekking and climbing, the highlands provide thrilling whitewater rafting and paddles through underground rivers. Indigenous wellness traditions live on in healing arts such as Hilot touch therapy and Dagdagay foot massage and in the traditional greeting of “Mabuhay,” which is a wish for good health, peace, and harmony.
Electricity, Phone and Internet Access
Electricity in the Philippines is 220 volts, 60 Hz, so an adapter will be needed for U.S. visitors. If your electronic device does not accept 220 V input, you may also need a step down transformer.
The country code for the Philippines is 63. Check with your cell phone provider for International plans which may include text, data and voice. Many hotels offer WiFi.
The water is safe to drink at the larger chain hotel and in major cities, which offer purified water, but it is recommended to drink bottled water while in the Philippines.
Language & Currency
The Philippines is the 3rd largest English-speaking country in the world. Tagalog (Filipino) is spoken by nearly 1/3 of the population as a first language and as a second language by the other 2/3 of the population. Filipino is the official language of education, but English is also an official language. The local currency is the Philippine Peso (PHP) but U.S. dollars are accepted in most places. Check the currency rate here.
The Philippines observe Philippines Time or PHT which is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+8 GMT). The Philippines does not observe daylight savings time.
Location, Size and Population
The Philippines are located in Southeast Asia, in the Western Pacific Ocean, east of Vietnam and northeast of Malaysia. The Philippines are made up of 7,107 islands. The three main islands are Luzon in the north, the Visayas in the Central Region and Mindanao in the South. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila. The islands take up approximately 115,830 square miles. The islands vary in size with Luzon being the largest at 42,458 square miles, it is also the 15th largest island in the world and the 4th most populated island in the world, to some of the smaller places like popular Dumaguete, which is only around 13 square miles and located in the Visayas.
The population of the Philippines is over 102 Million (2016).